Orthopedics is the medical specialty that focuses on injuries and diseases of your body's musculoskeletal system. This complex system includes your bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles, and nerves and allows you to move, work, and be active.
Once devoted to the care of children with spine and limb deformities, orthopedists now care for patients of all ages, from newborns with clubfeet to young athletes requiring arthroscopic surgery to older people with arthritis. And anybody can break a bone.
Orthopedic surgeons manage special problems of the musculoskeletal system. This involves:
- Diagnosis of your injury or disorder.
- Treatment with medication, exercise, surgery or other treatment plans.
- Rehabilitation by recommending exercises or physical therapy to restore movement, strength and function.
- Prevention with information and treatment plans to prevent injury or slow the progression of diseases.
While orthopedic surgeons are familiar with all aspects of the musculoskeletal system, many orthopaedists specialize in certain areas, such as the foot and ankle, spine, hip or knee. They may also choose to focus on specific fields like pediatrics, trauma or sports medicine. Some orthopaedic surgeons may specialize in several areas.
Education and Training
Your orthopaedic surgeon is a medical doctor with extensive training in the proper diagnosis and treatment of injuries and diseases of the musculoskeletal system. Your orthopaedic surgeons completed up to 14 years of formal education.
- Four years of study in a college or university.
- Four years of study in medical school.
- Five years of study in orthopedic residency at a major medical center.
- One optional year of specialized education.
After establishing a licensed practice, your orthopedic surgeon demonstrated mastery of orthopedic knowledge by passing both oral and written examinations given by the American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery.
Each year your orthopaedic surgeon spends many hours studying and attending continuing medical education courses to stay up-to-date in current orthopedic knowledge and skills.
Orthopaedic surgeons treat many musculoskeletal conditions without surgery, by using medication, exercise and other rehabilitative or alternative therapies. For most orthopedic diseases and injuries there is more than one form of treatment. If necessary, he/she may also recommend surgery if you do not respond to other treatments.
Your Doctor's Visit
Your visit will start with a personal interview and physical examination. This may be followed by diagnostic tests such as blood tests, X-rays, or other tests.
Your orthopaedic surgeon will discuss your diagnosis and available treatment options with you and help you select the proper treatment plan.
The following imaging services are available at Suburban Orthopaedic Medical Center:
- Digital X-Ray
- Diagnostic Ultrasound
- Interventional Ultrasound
ORTHOPEDIC INJURY TREATMENTS
- Hand, Wrist, Elbow
- Neck & Spine
- Hip & Knee
- Foot & Ankle
- Sports Medicine
- Joint Replacement
- Pain Management
- Arthritis (disease of the joints) and Joint Replacement. Osteoarthritis (the most common type of arthritis, where cartilage in your joints wears down over time), joint pain, total hip replacement, total knee replacement, diseases affecting the joints including rheumatoid arthritis.
- Elbow Care. Elbow surgery for tennis elbow and other athletic elbow injuries, arthritis and inflammatory joint abnormalities, arthroscopic elbow surgery, elbow replacement surgery, elbow bracing.
- Foot and Ankle/Podiatry. Care for bunions (abnormal growths at the base of your big toe), hammertoes (toes that curl up at the joint), diabetic foot care, heel pain, fractures, and sports injuries.
- Hand and Upper Extremity. Surgical and non-surgical treatment for hand, wrist, elbow, and shoulder conditions, such as carpal tunnel and hand fractures/trauma.
- Orthopedic Oncology (Bone Cancer). Care for Ewing's sarcoma, osteosarcoma, and other tumors affecting boned and supporting muscles.
- Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (Physiatry). Non-surgical treatment for back pain, including physical, occupational and speech therapy management.
- Rheumatology. Treatment of arthritis and other diseases of the joints and muscles.
- Shoulder Care. Treatments for shoulder muscle and joint pain and shoulder injury including rotator cuff surgery, arthroscopic shoulder surgery, shoulder joint replacement.
- Spine care including surgical and non-surgical treatments for back pain, sciatica, herniated discs, spine injuries, spinal stenosis, osteoporosis, deformities and arthritis and whiplash.
- Sports Medicine. Arthroscopic and reconstructive surgery and nonsurgical treatments for sports related injuries, including tennis elbow, ACL tears, and other knee injuries, repetitive and overuse injuries, back injuries, dislocations, fractures, and ligament damage.
- Fracture and emergency Orthopedics. Emergency care for acute traumatic injuries, such as fractures and crush injuries.
- Concussion Care. Immediate care and follow-up care for concussion related injuries.