About Physical Medicine
Physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R), also called physiatry, is the branch of medicine emphasizing the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disorders – particularly related to the nerves, muscles, bones and brain – that may produce temporary or permanent impairment. PM&R is one of 24 medical specialties certified by the American Board of Medical Specialties.
Physiatrists, or rehabilitation physicians, are medical doctors who have completed training in the medical specialty of PM&R. Specifically, rehabilitation physicians:
- Diagnose and treat pain
- Restore maximum function lost through injury, illness or disabling conditions
- Treat the whole person, not just the problem area
- Lead a team of medical professionals
- Provide non-surgical treatments
- Explain your medical problems and treatment/prevention plan
The job of a rehabilitation physician is to treat any disability resulting from disease or injury, from sore shoulders to spinal cord injuries. The focus is on the development of a comprehensive program for putting the pieces of a person's life back together after injury or disease – without surgery.
Rehabilitation physicians treat injuries or illnesses that affect how you move, with the aim of enhancing performance. These specialists treat any disability resulting from disease or injury involving any organ system. The focus is not on one part of the body, but instead on the development of a comprehensive program for putting the pieces of a person's life back together – medically, socially, emotionally, and vocationally – after injury or disease.
Rehabilitation physicians manage issues that span the entire spectrum, from complicated multiple trauma to injury prevention for athletes. Rehabilitation physicians take the time needed to accurately pinpoint the source of an ailment. They then design a treatment plan that can be carried out by the patients themselves or with the help of the rehabilitation physician’s medical team. This medical team might include other physicians and health professionals, such as orthopedic surgeons, and physical therapists. By providing an appropriate treatment plan, rehabilitation physicians help patients stay as active as possible at any age. Their broad medical expertise allows them to treat disabling conditions throughout a person’s lifetime.
Spine (Neck and Back)
Treatment for any neck condition is recommended as soon as possible to minimize the danger of further aggravation. There are very broad and general approaches to the treatment of neck pain. The physiatrist at Suburban Orthopaedic Medical Center will develop an individual treatment plan for you.
Low back pain is the most common form of physical disability. An estimated 80 percent of all Americans will suffer from back pain at some point in their lives. Back pain is the second leading cause of work absenteeism. Studies show that early aggressive treatment of back injuries by a physiatrist results in quicker recovery and fewer lost work days. Treatment by physiatrists centers around various combinations of exercise and medication.
- Cervicogenic muscular tension headache
- Occipital neuralgia
- Herniated disc (neck/back)
- Radiculopathy (pinched nerve)
- Discogenic pain
- Degenerative disc disease
- Spinal stenosis
- Cervical/thoracic myelopathy
- Postlaminectomy/failed back syndrome
- Low back pain during pregnancy
- Stress fractures/pars defects
- Facet syndrome/arthropathy
SERVICE AREAS AND SYMPTOMS
At Suburban Orthopaedic Medical Center in Newark, New Jersey, our Physiatrists treat all injuries of the Spine (Neck and Back), Shoulder, Upper Limb, Elbow, Forearm / Wrist / Hand, Hip / Pelvis, Knee, Lower Leg / Ankle / Foot, including, but not limited to the following:
- Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Back Pain
- Brain Injuries
- Cardiac Rehabilitation
- Geriatric Rehabilitation
- Neck Pain
- Nerve Pain
- Ulnar Neuropathy (Wrist Pain in Bicyclists)
- Pediatric Rehabilitation
- Post-Polio Syndrome
- Spinal Cord Injuries
- Sports-Related Injuries
- Women’s Conditions
- Female Athlete Triad
- Pelvic Pain
- Pregnancy and Back Pain
- Work-Related Injuries